Manual Specialty Competencies in Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology

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Flanagan and Miller provide a comprehensive overview of the foundational and functional competencies related to the specialty of school psychology. As the U.

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As such, the reader interested in school psychology will find this volume very "educational. Nezu and Christine Maguth NezuAs the field of psychology continues to grow and new specialty areas emerge and achieve recognition, it has become increasingly important to define the standards of professional specialty practice. Developed and conceived in response to this need for practical guidelines, this series presents methods, strategies, and techniques for conducting day-to-day practice in any given psychology specialty.

The topical volumes address best practices across the functional and foundational competencies that characterize the various psychology specialties, including clinical psychology, cognitive and behavioral psychology, school psychology, geropsychology, forensic psychology, clinical neuropsychology, couples and family psychology, and more. Functional competencies include common practice activities like assessment and intervention, while foundational competencies represent core knowledge areas such as ethical and legal issues, cultural diversity, and professional identification.

In addition to describing these competencies, each volume provides a definition, description, and development timeline of a particular specialty, including its essential and characteristic pattern of activities, as well as its distinctive and unique features.


Written by recognized experts in their respective fields, volumes are comprehensive, up-to-date, and accessible. Psychoanalytic model : In the context of rehabilitation psychology, Freud's concept of castration anxiety can be applied to severe losses, such as the loss of a limb. This concept is reflected in Jerome Siller's stage theory of adjustment, designed to increase understanding of acceptance and adjustment following the sudden diagnosis of a chronic health condition.

Social psychology : The pioneers in rehabilitation psychology were a diverse group, but many came from the field of social psychology. Kurt Lewin is one example. As a Jew living in Germany during the early years of the Nazi regime, [6] Lewin's experiences shaped his psychological work. This is reflected in his conceptualization of the insider-outsider distinction, as well as his understanding of stigma. Tamara Dembo and Beatrice Wright , two of Lewin's students, are recognized as pioneering figures in the history of rehabilitation psychology.

Wright authored two of the field's seminal texts, Physical Disability: A Psychological Approach and the extensively revised second edition , Physical Disability: A Psychosocial Approach.

Cognitive-Behavior Theory : Cognitive-behavioral therapy CBT approaches such as problem-solving treatment have shown promise in promoting adjustment, well-being, and overall health among individuals with chronic health conditions. By emphasizing, identifying and changing maladaptive thoughts, CBT works to change an individual's subjective experience and their resulting behavior.

A variety of empirical studies have demonstrated CBT's effectiveness in cases of traumatic brain injury, [16] spinal cord injury, [17] and a variety of other conditions common to individuals living with disability and chronic health conditions. In clinical settings, rehabilitation psychologists apply psychological expertise and skills to improve outcomes for individuals living with disabilities or chronic health conditions.

When addressing these chronic health conditions and disabilities, rehabilitation psychologists offer a variety of services with the goal of increasing an individual's functioning and quality of life.

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To enhance the rehabilitation process, one must not only identify barriers to recovery, but also personal strengths and resiliency factors that foster continued recovery and social reintegration. Rehabilitation psychologists take into consideration the medical diagnosis, referral question, background history, pre-morbid functioning independence with basic and instrumental activities of daily living , current functioning physical, cognitive, psychological , personality characteristics, and goals career, academic, personal.

Aspects of the individual's environment also are assessed, including cultural, community, home, rehabilitation, school, vocational, and social environments. Cognitive rehabilitation refers to the broad range of evidence-based interventions [20] [21] [22] [23] designed to improve cognitive functioning impaired as a result of changes in the brain due to injury or illness.

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Because they understand the nuances of impaired cognitive abilities, within the context of personality and emotional factors, rehabilitation psychologists are uniquely qualified to provide interventions for cognitive and psychosocial difficulties following brain injury. Cognitive rehabilitation interventions have been used with people who have sustained brain injury, stroke, brain tumor, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, mild cognitive impairment, ADHD, and a variety of other medical conditions that affect cognitive functioning [25].

Cognitive functions targeted may include processing speed, attention , memory, language, visual-perceptual skills, and executive functioning skills such as problem solving and emotional self-regulation.

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Contemporary rehabilitation psychology approaches to cognitive rehabilitation incorporate the subjective experience of the patient [28] [29] while targeting meta-cognition or self regulation. Rehabilitation psychologists must also follow federal laws relevant to individuals with disability. In the United States, rehabilitation psychologists complete doctoral degrees e. Rehabilitation psychologists must be licensed in order to provide services in their state or province of practice and to receive reimbursement from health insurance payers.

In most states, obtaining a license requires a doctoral degree from an approved program, a minimum number of hours of supervised clinical experience, and a passing grade in the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology EPPP , a standardized knowledge-based examination. Most states also require a prescribed number of c ontinuing education credits per year to renew a license. By the s, the need for standardized guidelines for postdoctoral training in rehabilitation psychology was recognized during the field's national conferences.

The American Board of Professional Psychology specifies that in order to meet the standards of the field, an individual must complete a recognized internship program, have three years of experience within the field, and have supervised experience within the specialty. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. Rehabilitation psychology.

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Hansen Eds. Brenner, S. Reid-Arndt, T. Elliott, R. Caplan Eds. Retrieved The Oxford Handbook of Rehabilitation Psychology. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.