CC always welcomes your feedback, which you can provide by emailing info at creativecommons dot org. If you are a software developer, sysadmin, or have other technical expertise, please join our developer community and help build the tools that build the commons. Finally, one of the best ways to support CC is by supporting our causes yourself. Follow our blog to find out about current issues where you can help get involved and spread the word, and advocate for free and open licensing in your own communities.
Creative Commons is a global nonprofit organization that enables sharing and reuse of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools, with affiliates all over the world who help ensure our licenses work internationally and raise awareness about our work. Our tools are free, and our reach is wide. For more information, please take a look at our Annual Report. Creative Commons has always relied on the generosity of both individuals and organizations to fund its ongoing operations.
The more people who donate to CC, the more independent it will remain. Creative Commons licenses provide an easy way to manage the copyright terms that attach automatically to all creative material under copyright. Our licenses allow that material to be shared and reused under terms that are flexible and legally sound. Creative Commons offers a core suite of six copyright licenses. All of our licenses require that users provide attribution BY to the creator when the material is used and shared. Some licensors choose the BY license, which requires attribution to the creator as the only condition to reuse of the material.
The other five licenses combine BY with one or more of three additional license elements: NonCommercial NC , which prohibits commercial use of the material; NoDerivatives ND , which prohibits the sharing of adaptations of the material; and ShareAlike SA , which requires adaptations of the material be released under the same license. CC licenses may be applied to any type of work, including educational resources , music , photographs , databases , government and public sector information , and many other types of material.
The only categories of works for which CC does not recommend its licenses are computer software and hardware. You should also not apply Creative Commons licenses to works that are no longer protected by copyright or are otherwise in the public domain. Instead, for those works in the worldwide public domain, we recommend that you mark them with the Public Domain Mark. CC licenses are operative only when applied to material in which a copyright exists, and even then only when a particular use would otherwise not be permitted by copyright.
Note that the latest version of CC licenses also applies to rights similar to copyright, such as neighboring rights and sui generis database rights. Learn more about the scope of the licenses. This means that CC license terms and conditions are not triggered by uses permitted under any applicable exceptions and limitations to copyright , nor do license terms and conditions apply to elements of a licensed work that are in the public domain.
This also means that CC licenses do not contractually impose restrictions on uses of a work where there is no underlying copyright. This feature and others distinguish CC licenses from some other open licenses like the ODbL and ODC-BY , both of which are intended to impose contractual conditions and restrictions on the reuse of databases in jurisdictions where there is no underlying copyright or sui generis database right.
However, CC licenses are not revocable once granted unless there has been a breach, and even then the license is terminated only for the breaching licensee. There are also videos and comics that offer visual descriptions of how CC licenses work. In November , Creative Commons published the version 4. These licenses are the most up-to-date licenses offered by CC, and are recommended over all prior versions.
You can see how the licenses have been improved over time on the license versions page. By design, CC licenses do not reduce, limit, or restrict any rights under exceptions and limitations to copyright, such as fair use or fair dealing.
Finding Source Code on the Web for Remix and Reuse
If your use of CC-licensed material would otherwise be allowed because of an applicable exception or limitation, you do not need to rely on the CC license or comply with its terms and conditions. This is a fundamental principle of CC licensing. Our licenses and legal tools are intended for use by anyone who holds copyright in the material. This is often, but not always, the creator.
Creative Commons offers licenses and tools to the public free of charge and does not require that creators or other rights holders register with CC in order to apply a CC license to a work. This means that CC does not have special knowledge of who uses the licenses and for what purposes, nor does CC have a way to contact creators beyond means generally available to the public. CC has no authority to grant permission on behalf of those persons, nor does CC manage those rights on behalf of others.
Creative Commons licenses are drafted to be enforceable around the world, and have been enforced in court in various jurisdictions.
Finding Source Code on the Web for Remix and Reuse - Semantic Scholar
This allows a court to eliminate any provision determined to be unenforceable, and enforce the remaining provisions of the license. CC alerts prospective licensors they need to have all necessary rights before applying a CC license to a work. If that is not the case and someone has marked your work with a CC license without your authorization, you should contact that person and tell them to remove the license from your work. You may also wish to contact a lawyer. Creative Commons is not a law firm and cannot represent you or give you legal advice, but there are lawyers who have identified themselves as interested in representing people in CC-related matters.
The latest version 4. For version 3. These ported licenses are based on the international license suite but have been modified to reflect local nuances in the expression of legal terms and conditions, drafting protocols, and language. The ported licenses and the international licenses are all intended to be legally effective everywhere. CC expects that few, if any, ports will be necessary for 4. CC recommends that you take advantage of the improvements in the 4. For example, you may incorporate a CC BY photograph into a Wikipedia article so long as you keep all copyright notices intact, provide proper attribution, and otherwise comply with the terms of CC BY.
Learn more about the licenses. Yes, anyone may use CC licenses for material they own, including governments and IGOs, and these institutions frequently use CC licenses on their copyrightable material. The reasons for doing so vary, and often include a desire to maximize the impact and utility of works for educational and informational purposes, and to enhance transparency.
Creative Commons licenses have desirable features that make them the preferred choice over custom licenses. CC licenses are standard and interoperable, which means material published by different creators using the same type of CC license can be translated, modified, compiled, and remixed without legal barriers depending on the particular license applied.
Creative Commons licenses are also machine-readable, allowing CC-licensed works to be easily discovered via search engines such as Google. These features maximize distribution, reuse, and impact of works published by governments and IGOs. Though we encourage anyone to use version 4.
2010 – today
Read more about how governments and IGOs use and leverage CC licenses and legal tools, considerations for using our licenses, and how they operate in the IGO context. This issue depends largely on the laws in place where the child lives. In the United States, children can be copyright holders and are entitled to license their works in the same manner as adults.
However, they may have the right to disaffirm certain types of legal agreements, including licenses. In many parts of the United States, for example, children have the ability to disaffirm some types of agreements under certain circumstances once they reach the age where they are considered adults within the relevant jurisdiction. We are unaware of any attempt by a licensor to exercise the disaffirmation right with respect to a CC license applied to a work.
Official language translations will be available for the 4. When you license your own work, you may use or link to the text of any available official translation. When you reuse CC-licensed material, you may comply with the license conditions by referring to any available official translation of the license. These translations are linguistic translations of the English version which adhere as closely as possible to the original text. These translations have been done by our affiliates in accordance with the Legal Code Translation Policy and with the oversight and detailed review of the CC legal team.
Finding Source Code on the Web for Remix and Reuse
Note that these are equivalents of the original English; these translations are not jurisdiction ported versions. You may find a list of all available translations here. For versions 3.
Some unofficial translations were made for informational purposes only. Jurisdiction ported versions of version 3. However, the ported licenses are not equivalent to the international licenses, and do not serve as substitutable references for purposes of complying with the terms and conditions of the licenses.
Learn more about ShareAlike compatibility here. Applying a Creative Commons license to your material is a serious decision. When you apply a CC license, you give permission to anyone to use your material for the full duration of applicable copyright and similar rights.